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Rare Autograph Letter Signed 1815 Joseph Anderson Senator Comptrol Ship Amistad

RARE Autograph Letter Signed 1815 Joseph Anderson Senator Comptrol Ship Amistad

RARE Autograph Letter Signed 1815 Joseph Anderson Senator Comptrol Ship Amistad    RARE Autograph Letter Signed 1815 Joseph Anderson Senator Comptrol Ship Amistad

Senator / First Comptroller of Treasury - Joseph Anderson. For offer, an original old manuscript letter. Fresh from an estate in Upstate NY. Never offered on the market until now. Vintage, Old, antique, Original - NOT a Reproduction - Guaranteed!! Letter possibly written to Thomas Melvill (American Patriot). More research needs to be done. Anderson was known in politics, and fought in the Revolutionary War. Not sure if it was slave related. Mentions the names of well known Americans Henry Dearborn American statesman, soldier - fought with Washington in Rev War. In good to very good condition. Please see photos for details.

If you collect Americana history, American 18th / 19th century history , etc. This is one you will not see again. A nice piece for your paper / ephemera collection.

Perhaps some genealogy research information as well. Joseph Inslee Anderson (November 5, 1757 April 17, 1837) was an American soldier, judge, and politician, who served as a United States Senator from Tennessee from 1799 to 1815, and later as the First Comptroller[4] of the United States Treasury. [3] He also served as one of three judges of the Southwest Territory in the 1790s, and was a delegate to the Tennessee state constitutional convention in 1796.

Anderson was born at White Marsh, near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the son of William Anderson and Elizabeth Inslee. [2]:81 In 1776, following the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, he enlisted in the 3rd New Jersey Regiment of the Continental Army, and rose to the rank of captain and paymaster in less than two years. [2]:83 Anderson fought at the Battle of Monmouth, and was with the army during its difficult 1777 wintering at Valley Forge. [3] In 1781, he transferred to the 1st New Jersey Regiment, and fought with this unit at the Battle of Yorktown. At the end of the war, Anderson was discharged with the rank of major. [1] Having studied law prior to the war, he was admitted to the Delaware bar, and practiced law in Delaware from 1784 to 1791.

He was a member of Military Lodge No. 19 of Pennsylvania, and became a member of Lodge No.

36 while in the New Jersey Brigade. After the war, he was the first Senior Warden of Princeton Lodge No. 38 in Princeton, New Jersey. In 1791, President George Washington appointed Anderson United States judge of the newly formed Southwest Territory. He served alongside David Campbell and John McNairy. [6] No records of any of the trials presided over by Anderson survive, with the exception of a 1794 murder trial. [2]:85 This trial, conducted at the Tellico Blockhouse, concerned an Indian charged with killing settler Joseph Ish. In 1792, Anderson married Only Patience Outlaw, the daughter of Tennessee pioneer Alexander Outlaw. [1] His wife's dowry included land along the Nolichucky River in what is now Hamblen County (but then part of Jefferson), where the Andersons built their home, Soldier's Rest.

In 1796, Anderson and his father-in-law represented Jefferson County at Tennessee's constitutional convention in Knoxville. [2]:87 Resolutions introduced by Anderson and Outlaw included a motion to sever ties with the United States if Tennessee's petition for statehood was rejected, a motion to implement viva voce voting instead of balloting, and a motion to establish a unicameral legislature, all of which were rejected. [2]:87 Anderson swore in the new state's first legislature later that year. In 1797, Anderson was elected by the Tennessee General Assembly to fill the vacancy in the Senate created by that body's expulsion of the seat's original occupant, William Blount. [1] That term was scheduled to expire on March 3, 1799; however, on December 12, 1798, the Tennessee General Assembly elected Anderson to the state's other (Class 1) Senate seat, which had been vacated by Andrew Jackson, and was temporarily held by Daniel Smith.
[6] Anderson was reelected to this seat in 1803, and again in 1809. In the latter election, he defeated retiring governor John Sevier by a vote of 23 to 16. Anderson voted against a Senate proposal to have Blount arrested in 1797. He opposed the Alien and Sedition Acts, federal intervention into the issue of slavery, and the rechartering of the national bank.

[3] He voted in favor of the War of 1812. [6] In the Eighth Congress (18031804), he served as the Senate's president pro tempore. After retiring from the Senate, Anderson was appointed Comptroller of the U. Treasury by President James Madison, and served in that office from 1815 until 1836. [1] He died in Washington on April 17, 1837, and was interred in the Congressional Cemetery. Anderson's son, Alexander Outlaw Anderson, served as a U. Senator from Tennessee from 1840 to 1841, and helped organize the government of the State of California in the early 1850s. [1] Another son, William, served in the state legislature, and a nephew, James W. Deaderick, served as a justice of the Tennessee Supreme Court. [2]:83 Anderson County, Tennessee, is named for Joseph Anderson, as well as Andersonville.

17531816 was a master mariner and shipowner in Newburyport, Massachusetts. Forming a partnership with William Farris to engage in the West India trade, he became one of the wealthiest merchants in Newburyport and was prominent in business and civic affairs.

His partnership with Farris suffered severe losses during the Quasi-War with France and was dissolved shortly after the wars conclusion Benjamin W. Labaree, Patriots and Partisans: The Merchants of Newburyport, 17641815 Cambridge, Mass. 21718; Boston Columbian Centinel, 18 Dec. Henry Dearborn (February 23, 1751 June 6, 1829) was an American soldier and statesman. In the Revolutionary War, he served under Benedict Arnold in the expedition to Quebec, of which his journal provides an important record.

After being captured and exchanged, he served in George Washington's Continental Army, and was present at the British surrender at Yorktown. Dearborn served on General Washington's staff in Virginia. He was US Secretary of War, serving under President Thomas Jefferson from 1801 to 1809, and served as a commanding general in the War of 1812. In later life his criticism of General Israel Putnam's performance at the Battle of Bunker Hill caused a major controversy.

Fort Dearborn in Illinois and the city of Dearborn, Michigan, were named in his honor. Henry Dearborn was born February 23, 1751, to Simon Dearborn and Sarah Marston in North Hampton, New Hampshire.

He was descended from Godfrey Dearborn, from Exeter in England, who came to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1639. Godfrey Dearborn settled at Exeter, New Hampshire, and then soon after at Hampton, where four successive generations of his descendants lived. Henry spent much of his youth in Epping, New Hampshire, where he attended public schools. He grew up as an athletic boy, notably strong and a champion wrestler. [3] He studied medicine under Dr.

Hall Jackson of Portsmouth and opened a practice on the square in Nottingham, New Hampshire, in 1772. Dearborn was married three times: to Mary Bartlett in 1771, to Dorcas (Osgood) Marble in 1780, and to Sarah Bowdoin, widow of James Bowdoin, in 1813. Henry Alexander Scammell Dearborn was his son by his second wife. When fighting in the American Revolutionary War began, Dearborn fought with the Continental Army as a captain in the 1st and 3rd New Hampshire Regiments and soon rose to the rank of lieutenant colonel. He was appointed Deputy Quartermaster General in July 1781 and served on George Washington's staff while in Virginia.

[5] At age twenty-three, he organized and led a local militia troop of sixty men to the Boston area, where he fought on June 17, 1775, at the Battle of Bunker Hill as a captain in Colonel John Stark's 1st New Hampshire Regiment. [6][7] During the battle, Dearborn observed that Not an officer or soldier of the continental troops engaged was in uniform, but were in the plain and ordinary dress of citizens; nor was there an officer on horseback. [8][a] Dearborn years later would accuse Israel Putnam of failing his duty during that battle, resulting in what has since been known as the Dearborn-Putnam controversy. Dearborn volunteered to serve under Colonel Benedict Arnold in September 1775, during the difficult American expedition to Quebec.

Later Dearborn would record in his Revolutionary War journal their overall situation and condition: We were small indeed to think of entering a place like Quebec. But being now almost out of provisions we were sure to die if we attempted to return back and we could be in no worse situation if we proceeded on our rout. On the final leg of the march he was taken seriously ill with fever, forcing him to remain behind in a cottage on the Chaudière River.

Later he rejoined the combined forces of Arnold and Gen. Richard Montgomery in time to take part in the assault on Quebec.

[b][4] Dearborn's journal is an important record for that campaign. During the march he and Aaron Burr became companions. [11] Along with a number of other officers, Dearborn was captured on December 31, 1775, during the Battle of Quebec, and detained for a year. [12][13] He was released on parole in May 1776, but he was not exchanged until March 1777. After fighting at Ticonderoga in July 1777, Dearborn was appointed major in the regiment commanded by Alexander Scammell. In September 1777, Dearborn was transferred to the 1st New Hampshire Regiment, under Colonel Joseph Cilley. He took part in the Saratoga campaign against Burgoyne at Freeman's Farm. The first battle was largely fought by troops from New Hampshire, Dearborn's home state. The New Hampshire brigade under General Poor and a detachment of infantry under Major Dearborn, numbering about three hundred, along with detachments of other militia, and Whitcomb's Rangers, co-operated with Morgan in the repulse of Fraser's attack.

[14] The cautious General Horatio Gates reluctantly ordered a reconnaissance force consisting of Daniel Morgan's Provisional Rifle Corps and Dearborn's light infantry to scout out the Bemis Heights area. [12] Gates later noted Dearborn's marked ability as a soldier and officer in his report. Thereafter Dearborn joined General George Washington's main Continental Army at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, as a lieutenant colonel, where he spent the winter of 17771778.

Dearborn fought at the Battle of Monmouth in New Jersey in 1778, following the British evacuation of Philadelphia to retreat to concentrate at New York City, in the final major battle of the Northern Theatre, and in the summer of 1779 he accompanied Major General John Sullivan on the Sullivan Expedition against the Iroquois in upstate New York[12] and in the Battle of Wyoming against the Six Nations, thereafter laying waste to the Genesee Valley and the various regions around the Finger Lakes. Dearborn rejoined General Washington's staff in 1781 as deputy quartermaster general and commanded the 1st New Hampshire at the Battle of Yorktown with the rank of colonel[15] and was present when Cornwallis surrendered in October of that year. In June 1783, Dearborn received his discharge from the Continental Army and settled in Gardiner, Maine, where he became Major General of the Maine militia. Washington appointed him marshal of the District of Maine. Dearborn served in the U.
House of Representatives from the District of Maine, 1793 to 1797. [12][c] He was an original member of the New Hampshire Society of the Cincinnati. During the American Revolution Dearborn maintained six separate journals where he recorded the various campaigns, battles and other notable events from his point of experience. His journals were first published in 1939 by the Caxton Club of Chicago and were edited from the original manuscripts by historians Lloyd A. Brown and Howard Henry Peckham; the publication includes a biographical essay of Dearborn by Hermon D. The six journals are enumerated as follows. Operations in the Middle Colonies. Dearborn also wrote An Account of the Battle of Bunker Hill. Various scholars have cited the short work as being culturally important and greatly contributing to the knowledge base of early American history. Dearborn was commissioned as a brigadier general in the Massachusetts Militia in 1787 and was promoted to major general in 1789. The same year he was appointed as the first U. Marshal for the District of Maine under the new Constitution of 1787 by President Washington. He represented this district as a Democratic-Republican in the Third and Fourth Congresses from 1793 to 1797.

President Thomas Jefferson frequently consulted Henry Dearborn on matters of military law and management. In 1801, third President Thomas Jefferson appointed Dearborn Secretary of War, a post he held for eight years until March 7, 1809. Dearborn advised Jefferson in matters of military personnel when Jefferson was formulating the Military Peace Establishment Act in 1800-01, which outlined a new set of laws and limits for the military and also led to the founding of a national military academy at West Point. [19] In April 1801, Dearborn asked George Baron, an Englishman who was Dearborn's friend from Maine, to be the mathematics instructor at the academy.

Dearborn also offered the superintendency of the school to Jonathan Williams, [d] who had translated into English some European treatises on artillery and fortification. During the 1801 and 1802 period, Dearborn and Jefferson corresponded frequently, discussing various political and military matters. Notable among them was Dearborn's report of 12 May 1801 on the War Department, [20] and his recommendation for designating the boundary line between the United States, and the adjacent British possessions, in such manner as may prevent any disputes in future...

During his tenure, he helped Jefferson form a policy on Native Americans, the goal being to establish a western boundary by procuring lands along the Mississippi River. In 1805 while events in the Burr conspiracy were beginning to unfold, Aaron Burr and Louisiana Territory governor James Wilkinson were allegedly planning war with Mexico, with the aim of establishing a secessionist state in the Southwest in the process. [e] Hoping to incite war with Spain, Wilkinson in a letter to Secretary of War Dearborn urged him to attack Western Spanish Florida from Baton Rouge. Prompted by prevailing rumors of war, Dearborn ordered him to send three companies of troops to Fort Adams in Western Florida as a precaution. [f] The prospect of war in turn was used by Wilkinson to justify sending an exploratory military expedition into the Southwest to find a route that would be used to supply a war effort at the U. [23][g] In May, Dearborn ordered Wilkinson to the Orleans territory, directing his general to repel any invasion of the United States east of the Sabine River or north or west of the bounds of what has been called West Florida...

" Dearborn further maintained that any such movements across these borders would constitute "an actual invasion of our territorial rights. This was the opportunity both Burr and Wilkinson were hoping for, thinking that Spanish officials were on edge over the prospect of confrontation with the U. And could easily be provoked into war. [24] When Wilkinson, however, had asked Dearborn to send an exploratory military expedition into the Southwest, Dearborn replied that, you, Burr, etc.

Keep every suspicious person at arm's length. "[h] At this time Dearborn also warned his top general that "your name has very frequently been mentioned with Burr's. Shortly thereafter Burr was arrested for treason.

Dearborn was appointed collector of the port of Boston by President James Madison in March 1809, [27] a position he held until January 27, 1812, when he was appointed as the Commanding General of the United States Army. President James Madison appointed Henry Dearborn as Commanding General of the Northeastern theater. During the War of 1812, while President Madison was urging Federalists to join in "united support" against Britain in a war they were given little reason to cooperate in, he gave Henry Dearborn senior command of the northeast sector which ranged from the Niagara River to the New England coast.

Dearborn had favor with Madison as a Revolutionary War veteran who rose to the rank of colonel and for serving as Secretary of War under President Jefferson, [28] and especially for helping Jefferson draft the Military Peace Establishment Act, which served to remove many Federalist officers from the ranks of the military. Subsequently, Madison's choice for commanding general of the northeast theater was not well received by most Federalists.

[29] [i] At age 61, however, Dearborn was now overweight, slow and insecure, and he found it difficult to inspire confidence among the men under his command. In March he suffered a minor injury from a fall, and it is suggested that Dearborn took his time recovering. When the war broke out he spent even more time in Boston, fearing, as did Vice President Elbridge Gerry, that the Federalists were once again plotting a northeastern secession[j] and ready to install a "Hanoverian"-like monarchy in opposition to them. Needing to present Congress with reports of progress, Secretary of War William Eustis urged Dearborn to promptly embark for Albany and plan and make preparations for an invasion of Montreal in Canada.

Dearborn maintained, however, that he must first get to New England and secure the militia for defending the New England coast, which would free up the regular troops of the region for the coming campaign against Canada, and before the Federalists effected an open revolt there. After disputes with New England's several Federalist governors, who refused to supply the militia for coastal defense, Dearborn reluctantly left New England for Albany with regular troops in late July, leaving the coast almost defenseless against British coastal attacks. On August 9, while General William Hull was expecting a diversionary attack by Dearborn in the Niagara area, the latter was still at his headquarters at Greenbush, just outside of Albany, and was having great difficulty amassing troops for the coming offensive in Canada.

At this time George Prévost had sent British Colonel Edward Baynes to negotiate a temporary armistice with Dearborn. Dearborn learned that Lord Liverpool was giving the American government time to respond.
Lacking the means to adequately engage the British in Canada, Dearborn was not eager for battle, welcomed the delay, and rushed news of the armistice to Madison for approval. In the meantime Dearborn gave orders to General Van Rensselaer to avoid any engagements along the Niagara. The truce, however, was short-lived when on August 15 Madison repudiated Dearborn's agreement and orders were issued to renew the offensive. The War of 1812, Niagara River and Lake Ontario theaters. Dearborn prepared plans for simultaneous assaults on Montreal, Kingston, Fort Niagara, and Amherstburg, but the execution was imperfect. Some scholars believe that he did not move quickly enough to provide sufficient troops to defend Detroit.

Hull, without firing a shot, surrendered the city to British General Isaac Brock. [l] Hull was court-martialed and sentenced to death, but the sentence was commuted. Dearborn headed the court martial. On April 27, American forces on Lake Ontario under Dearborn and Commodore Isaac Chauncey gained success at the Battle of York, occupying the town for several days and capturing many guns and stores.

Thereafter the American army was transported across the lake in Chauncey's ships to Fort Niagara. Dearborn assembled 4,500 troops at Fort Niagara and planned to attack Fort George next, and entrusted the attack to Colonel Winfield Scott, [34] but his army required rest and reorganisation. No preparations had been made to accommodate the troops at Fort Niagara, and they suffered considerable shortages and privations for several days.

Although Dearborn had minor successes at the capture of York (now Toronto) on April 27, 1813, and at the capture of Fort George on May 27, 1813, his command was, for the most part, ineffective. He was recalled from the frontier on July 6, 1813, and reassigned to an administrative command in New York City, [36] and married his third wife, Sarah Bowdoin. Dearborn was honorably discharged from the Army on June 15, 1815. Dearborn was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1816, now the oldest historical society in the United States. Dearborn ran for Governor of Massachusetts in 1818 against incumbent John Brooks. Because Dearborn was a Democratic-Republican in a predominantly Federalist state, he needed favorable press to help his campaign. Subsequently, Dearborn accepted an offer from Charles Miner, the editor of The Port Folio, a Philadelphia political magazine, asking him to verify and edit a British soldier's map depicting the Battle of Bunker Hill.
Dearborn saw this as a chance to win public favor and seized the opportunity. [39] However, his efforts backfired when he also wrote a "correct account" of the battle in the article, which was reprinted in 1818, accusing Israel Putnam of inaction and cowardly leadership during the battle, which sparked a major and long-lasting controversy among veterans of the war and various historians. President James Madison nominated Dearborn for reappointment as Secretary of War, when?

But the Senate rejected the nomination, and in the face of fierce criticism over Dearborn's performance during the War of 1812, Madison withdrew the nomination. [2][41] He was later appointed Minister Plenipotentiary to Portugal by President James Monroe and served from May 7, 1822, until June 30, 1824, when, by his own request, he was recalled.

He retired to his home in Roxbury, Massachusetts, where he died five years later. He is interred in Forest Hills Cemetery in Jamaica Plain (outside of Boston at the time; annexed to the city in 1874). Lewis and Clark, appointed by Thomas Jefferson, named the Dearborn River in west-central Montana after Dearborn in 1803. Dearborn County, Indiana; Dearborn, Michigan; and Dearborn, Missouri, were also named for him, as was Fort Dearborn in Chicago, which in turn was the namesake for Dearborn Street, a major street in downtown Chicago.

There was also a Fort Dearborn in Adams County, Mississippi, in the early 1800s; see Leonard Covington. Augusta, Maine, was so renamed after Henry's daughter, Augusta Dearborn, in August 1797.

Military armory, initially named "Mount Dearborn", was planned in the early 1800s to be built on an island near the confluence of the Catawba and Wateree rivers, adjacent to Great Falls, South Carolina. The facility was never constructed, but the island name stuck, and after the town was founded in 1905, its main thoroughfare was named Dearborn Street. During World War II, a coast defense fort named Fort Dearborn was established in Henry Dearborn's home state of New Hampshire, to guard the approaches to Portsmouth. General Dearborn's son, Henry A. Congressman representing Massachusetts' 10 District from 1831 to 1833.

List of American Revolutionary War battles. Unsuccessful nominations to the Cabinet of the United States. La Amistad pronounced la a. Mistað; Spanish for Friendship was a 19th-century two-masted schooner, owned by a Spaniard living in Cuba.

It became renowned in July 1839 for a slave revolt by Mende captives, who had been enslaved in Sierra Leone, and were being transported from Havana, Cuba to their purchasers' plantations. The Mende and La Amistad were interned in Connecticut while federal court proceedings were undertaken for their disposition.

Because of issues of ownership and jurisdiction, the case gained international attention. Known as United States v.

The Amistad (1841), the case was finally decided by the Supreme Court of the United States in favor of the Mende, restoring their freedom. It became a symbol in the United States in the movement to abolish slavery. La Amistad was a 19th-century two-masted schooner of about 120 feet (37 m).

By 1839 the schooner was owned by a Spaniard captain, Don Ramon Ferrer. The primary cargo carried by La Amistad was sugar-industry products. 1840 engraving depicting the Amistad revolt. Captained by Ferrer, Amistad left Havana on 28 June 1839 for the small port of Guanaja, near Puerto Principe, Cuba, with some general cargo and 53 slaves for the sugar plantation where they were to be delivered. [3][4] The crew of La Amistad, lacking purpose-built slave quarters, placed half the captives in the main hold, and the other half on deck.

The captives were relatively free to move about, which aided their revolt and commandeering of the vessel. In the main hold below decks, the captives found a rusty file and sawed through their manacles. They killed the captain and some of the crew, but spared Don José Ruiz and Don Pedro Montez, the two owners of the slaves, so they could guide them back to Africa. [2][6] The Mende were interned at New Haven, Connecticut, while the courts settled their legal status and conflicting international claims regarding La Amistad's ownership, as well as the status of its property, including the slaves.

Main article: United States v. A print of Cinqué that appeared in The Sun on August 31, 1839. Text of the Amistad Supreme Court decision. They were at risk of execution if convicted of mutiny. This became a popular cause among abolitionists in the United States.

Since 1808, the United States and Britain had prohibited the international slave trade. A question was whether the circumstances of the Mendes' capture and transportation meant they were free and had acted as free men rather than slaves. On appeal, the United States v.

The Amistad case reached the US Supreme Court. In 1841, it ruled that the Mende had been illegally transported and held as slaves, and had rebelled in self-defense.

Pennington, a Congregational minister and fugitive slave in Brooklyn, New York, who was active in the abolitionist movement. After being moored at the wharf behind the US Custom House in New London, Connecticut, for a year and a half, La Amistad was auctioned off by the U. [citation needed] He renamed it Ion. In late 1841, he sailed Ion to Bermuda and Saint Thomas with a typical New England cargo of onions, apples, live poultry, and cheese. There is no record of what became of Ion under the new French owners in the Caribbean. Freedom Schooner Amistad at Mystic Seaport in 2010. From 2015: Discovering Amistad, Inc. 80.7 ft (24.6 m).

22.9 ft (7.0 m). 10.1 ft (3.1 m). Sail, 2 Caterpillar diesel engines. A monument dedicated to the revolt on La Amistad stands in front of City Hall in New Haven, Connecticut, where many of the events related to the affair in the United States occurred. [citation needed] A collection of portraits of La Amistad survivors that were drawn by William H.
Townsend during the survivors' trial are held in the collection of Yale University. Between 1998 and 2000, artisans at Mystic Seaport, Mystic, Connecticut, built a replica of La Amistad, using traditional skills and construction techniques common to wooden schooners built in the 19th century, but using modern materials and engines. Officially named Amistad, it was promoted as "Freedom Schooner Amistad". There were no old blueprints of the original. The new schooner was built using a general knowledge of the Baltimore Clippers and art drawings from the era.

Some of the tools used in the project were the same as those that might have been used by a 19th-century shipwright, while others were powered. Tri-Coastal Marine, [11] designers of "Freedom Schooner Amistad", used modern computer technology to develop plans for the vessel. Freedom Schooner Amistad has an external ballast keel made of lead and two Caterpillar diesel engines. None of this technology was available to 19th-century builders. "Freedom Schooner Amistad" was operated by Amistad America, Inc. Based in New Haven, Connecticut. The homeport is New Haven, where the Amistad trial took place. It has also traveled to port cities for educational opportunities.

It undertook a two-year refit at Mystic Seaport from 2010 and was subsequently mainly used for sea training in Maine and film work. [15][16][17] The company was later put into liquidation, and in November 2015 a new non-profit, Discovering Amistad Inc. Amistad has now been restored to educational and promotional activity in Connecticut. La Amistad in popular culture.

On 2 September 1839, a play entitled The Long, Low Black Schooner, based on the revolt, opened in New York City and played to full houses. La Amistad was painted black at the time of the revolt. The slave revolt aboard the La Amistad, the background of the slave trade, and its subsequent trial are retold in a celebrated[19] poem by Robert Hayden entitled Middle Passage, first published in 1962. In Robert Skimin's novel Gray Victory (1988), depicting an alternate history in which the South won the American Civil War, a group of abolitionist conspirators infiltrating Richmond, Virginia calls itself "Amistad". The film Amistad (1997), directed by Steven Spielberg, dramatized the historical incidents. Major actors were Morgan Freeman, as a freed slave-turned-abolitionist in New Haven; Anthony Hopkins, as John Quincy Adams; Matthew McConaughey, as Roger Sherman Baldwin, an unorthodox, but influential lawyer; and Djimon Hounsou, as Cinque (Sengbe Peah).
The 1999 hit single "My Love Is Your Love", performed by Whitney Houston, references the "chains of Amistad". Bibliography of early American naval history. John Quincy Adams and abolitionism. List of ships captured in the 19th century.

Thomas Melvill or Thomas Melville (January 16, 1751 September 16, 1832) was a merchant, member of the Sons of Liberty, participant in the Boston Tea Party, a major in the American Revolution, a longtime fireman in the Boston Fire Department, state legislator, and paternal grandfather of writer Herman Melville. [2][3] His paternal grandfather, Thomas Melvill was minister of Scoonie, Fifeshire, Scotland.

Melvill was orphaned at the age of 10 and was raised by his maternal grandmother, Mrs. Mary Cargill, a relative of the eccentric Dr. [4] He intended to become a minister, and attended the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University), from which he graduated in 1769;[5] in July 1773, he was awarded an honorary Master of Arts degree by Harvard College. Melvill was a close friend of Samuel Adams. When the citizens of Boston began to evince a determination to resist the arbitrary, offensive and onerous exactions of the British government, Melvill was conspicuous among the ardent and gallant young men of the capital, for his zeal and intrepidity, during that momentous advent of... Melvill participated in the Boston Tea Party, that immortal band which in December, 1773, in presence of the Royal fleet, boarded the tea ships in Boston harbor, and threw their rich cargoes into the ocean. "[8] In March 1776, when "the British fleet was driven from Boston harbor, Captain Melvill discharged the first guns at the hostile ships, from his battery, at Nantasket. "[7] During the war he "served in the Rhode Island campaigns of 1777 and 1779. Thomas Melville house, Green Street, Boston, 1832[10]. After the war, he worked as a naval officer (17861820), [7][11] and Surveyor ca. 1796 of the Port of Boston at the Boston Custom House on State Street. When the custom house was established in Boston, in 1786, he was appointed surveyor; in 1789 was made inspector, and... In 1814, he was appointed naval officer of the port. [1] He served as a town fireward (17791825);, [10][14] and for twenty-five years was chairman of the board;[15] an incorporator of Boston's Scots Charitable Society (1786);[16][17] a founder of the Massachusetts General Hospital est. 1811;[18] and president of the Massachusetts Charitable Society ca. "[1] Melvill lived in Boston's West End "in an old wooden house on the south side of Green Street, between Staniford Street and Bowdoin Square. It was a wooden house of two stories.

In 1830, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. Published a poem entitled "The Last Leaf", which was inspired in part by Melvill, the last of the cocked hats. "[4] Holmes would later write that Melvill had reminded him of "a withered leaf which has held to its stem through the storms of autumn and winter, and finds itself still clinging to its bough while the new growths of spring are bursting their buds and spreading their foliage all around it. When Major Melvill retired from the fire department, the Columbian Centinal for 31 October 1832 wrote, his associates presented him with a Silver Pitcher, as a token of personal respect, and a public testimonial of his faithful services. In addition, the younger firemen named an engine for him.

When a fire broke out at noon on 7 September 1832, in a brick building on Green Street, opposite the Melvill house, the eighty-one-year-old major responded in character, he was active by "furnishing the firemen with refreshments, having an open house to all of them, " wrote the Firemen's Advocate. But in the events he took a violent cold, which terminated in the diarrhea; and owing to his advanced age, and the violence of the disorder, medicine had no effect in checking its progress. [15] The major died on Sunday evening, 16 September.
One of the city's most prominent and colorful citizens, he was mourned and eulogized for weeks. Firemen paid him a meaningful tribute, the Boston Evening Gazette reported on 22 September. The members of the'Melville Fire Association,' attached to the Melville Engine, No. 13, met at their Engine House - attended the funeral - and voted to wear the usual badge of mourning for thirty days.

Portrait of Priscilla Scollay Melvill, wife of Thomas Melvill, by Francis Alexander, 1820s. In 1774, Melvill married Priscilla Scollay (17551833), the daughter of prominent Boston merchant John Scollay, and sister of William Scollay (17561809), a developer and militia officer. [4] Together, Thomas and Priscilla were the parents of 11 children, including:[23]. Thomas Melvill (17761845), who married Françoise Raymonde Eulogie Marie des Douleurs Lamé-Fleury (17811814) in 1802.

[23] After her death, he married Mary Anna Augusta Hobart (17961884), a widow, in 1815. Mary Melvill (17781859), who married John De Wolf (17791872), [24] a brother of U.

Nancy Wroe Melvill (17801813)[24]. Allan Melville (17821832), who married Maria Gansevoort (17911872), the daughter of Gen. Priscilla Melvill (17841862), [24] who did not marry.

Melvill's portrait was painted by Francis Alexander in the 1780s, it is now in the collection of the Bostonian Society, along with a portrait attributed to Benjamin Blyth, [26] and the tricorn hat said to have been worn by Major Melvill at the Boston Massacre. The item "RARE Autograph Letter Signed 1815 Joseph Anderson Senator Comptrol Ship Amistad" is in sale since Tuesday, July 24, 2018. This item is in the category "Collectibles\Autographs\Historical". The seller is "dalebooks" and is located in Rochester, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.

  • Country/Region of Manufacture: United States
  • Original/Reproduction: Original
  • Signed by: Anderson
  • Autograph Authentication: Self

RARE Autograph Letter Signed 1815 Joseph Anderson Senator Comptrol Ship Amistad    RARE Autograph Letter Signed 1815 Joseph Anderson Senator Comptrol Ship Amistad